If you are a woman with a regular menstrual cycle, you are blessed! There can be several other reasons that you might miss your period besides your pregnancy. Our menstrual cycle can be highly affected by our lifestyle, emotional stress, hormonal irregularities, and many other reasons.
Being a woman, it is important to understand that every woman is different and the bleeding cycle can be changed depending on how their body operates. Missing a period after a few months or years is considered to be normal. However, if you have consistently missed your period for 3 months or more, you might be experiencing amenorrhea, which is said to affect 3-4% of women. It is better to get checked up rather than regretting later:
In this article, we are going to discuss possible reasons for missing your period if you are not pregnant, so let’s get started:
When a woman goes through a tough time such as divorce, death of a loved one, or other intense situations, the stress can affect their hormonal balance. This can not only cause the delay in their period but in some situations, intense stress can also cause heavy bleeding or irregularity. Many women also experience intense pains during periods when under stress.
To avoid any irregularities and cope up with the stress, it is important to take assistance from a counselor. Other things that also play an important role in managing stress include regular exercise, healthy food, and water intake.
The average age for entering menopause is 52 years but women start to experience symptoms early. The transition before the actual menopause can be 10 to 15 years, which is called perimenopause. During this phase, the level of estrogen starts to fluctuate, which affects women’s menstrual cycle. During perimenopause, a woman may experience skipping her period. Other symptoms include irregularity in the menstrual cycle, excessive mood swings, sleeping problems, frustration, and vaginal dryness. The sign for reaching menopause is when a woman has skipped her periods for 12 months.
3) Heavy Exercise:
Although exercise is necessary for our health but doing it on an extreme level can affect your menstrual cycle. If the reason for the missed periods is an intense exercise, then you do not have to worry about it. You can make amendments to your workout routine so that your menstrual cycle comes back to normal. Also, do not forget to consult with your doctor to make sure you are taking the right amount of nutrition.
If you are having a chronic illness, your menstrual cycle is likely to be affected. Chronic conditions such as thyroid problems, PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), diabetes, and other illnesses can lead to menstruation problems.
Once the chronic condition is treated, your menstrual cycle comes to normal. While you are on medication, the drug ingestion can also cause you to miss your period. Therefore, it is important to have yourself checked if you have missed your period for 3 months or more.
5) Changes in your Weight:
Another major reason for missed periods can be weight changes. Losing or gaining weight drastically can impact your monthly cycle. As our weight increases, obesity affects the estrogen and progesterone levels in our bodies that leads to decreased fertility.
Just like obesity, women who are underweight can suffer from missed periods too. When the body does not get enough vitamins and nutrients, it fails to produce the required amount of hormones, which in result leads to amenorrhea.
Diet plays an important role in order for our bodies to function properly. If you are experiencing rapid changes in your weight, consult your doctor at your earliest.
6) Having your Periods started recently:
Having a menstrual cycle of 21 to 35 days is healthy for women, but it can change depending on the age, healthy condition, nutrition, and body type. If you have just got your period started recently, then it is normal if you have missed your periods a month or two. Sometimes, young women can have their period started for a few months and then, face a phase of several months or a year of missed periods. Once they have gotten back to their normal menstrual cycle, it is possible for them to miss a cycle or two again.
7) Usage of Contraceptives:
It is common to have missed periods during the consumption of oral contraceptives such as pills. Irregular bleeding, spotting, and missed periods are the side effects of using contraceptive pills. Taking birth control pills affects the level of estrogen and progesterone in our bodies that trigger the menstrual cycle.
Some birth control methods such as pills, patches, and shots affect the uterus lining. When the lining becomes thin, the chance of periods decreases. To be on the safe side, it is important to stay in touch with your doctor in order to get rid of any health issues.
8) Hormonal Problems:
Some women experience extreme hormonal problems that lead to missed periods. The hormonal imbalance of prolactin or thyroid affects the menstrual cycle in a woman, which needs to be treated to have the normal cycle back. Therefore, it is important to get yourself checked up if you have missed two or three of your periods. The hormonal imbalance can be easily diagnosed through a blood test.
Last but not least, breastfeeding can also cause irregular bleeding or missed periods. Many women think that if they are not getting their periods during the breastfeeding phase, then it is likely that they can’t get pregnant. However, that is not true at all. If you are having missed periods, make sure to visit your gynecologist for a checkup.
There can be several reasons for missed periods other than pregnancy. If you are experiencing missed periods along with the signs such as extreme hair growth, nausea, vomiting, lower abdominal pains, headaches, or fever, then do not wait for any further and visit a doctor.