How to Build a Skin Care Routine

Whether you have an oily, normal, dry, or oily skin, there is a skin care routine you can embrace and get a vibrant young skin. In this article, we look at some of the most recommended routines for each skin type. Let’s look at them. 

Skin types and conditions

There are basically four skin types. They include normal, oily, dry, and combination skin. In this section, we will at them and how you can identify them. Let’s get started.

  1. Normal skin

Normal skin is also referred to as well-balanced skin. That is, it is neither oily nor dry. Scientists refer to it as eudermic. While the nose, chin, and forehead might be oily, the rest of the skin has balanced sebum and moisture. So how can you identify normal skin? Let’s find out.

  • It has no blemishes
  • It rocks soft and fine ores
  • The blood circulation is optimal
  • It is soft and feels smooth
  • It is less susceptible to dryness and sensitivity

How to care for normal skin

Normal skin does not require much of your attention. However, do the following:

  • Use the right cleanser

You should wash your face with the right cleanser to prevent it from becoming dry. Choose one that is gentle since all you need is to remove makeup and dirt.

  • Use an antioxidant serum

An antioxidant works to kill radicals that destroy the skin’s elastin, collagen, and other crucial skin components. Use an antioxidant that is rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, and ferulic acid. Studies show that they boost protection against ultraviolet rays.

  • Use sunscreen

Want to prevent premature skin aging? Get yourself sunscreen. The UVA rays significantly increase the risk of skin sagging, wrinkles, and annoying dark spots.

So, do you need a moisturizer for your normal skin? The answer is no. because your skin has the right amount of moisture already.

  1. Dry skin

A dry skin naturally has less moisture and sebum compared to a normal one. Due to this lack of sebum, which acts as a protective barrier and holds moisture, it becomes extremely dry and exposed to weather elements.

That said, it comes in different variations and is more prevalent in women than men. Further, as you age, the skin becomes dryer. There are a few causes of skin drying. They include:

  • Perspiration: loss of water through glands
  • Trans-epidermal water loss: a natural process of losing water from deeper skin layers
  • Lack of amino acids, urea, and lactic acids
  • Lack of epidermal lipids.

As mentioned above, there are different types of dry skins, let’s look at them.

  • Dry skin: this is normal dry skin. It is characterized by a rough, tight, and brittle feel. It is not elastic and looks dull.
  • Very dry skin: the skin turns scaly, becomes extremely rough, tight, and develops itchiness.
  • Extremely dry skin: body parts that are susceptible to this include the hands, feet, knees, and elbows. The skin cracks becomes rough, and itchy.

How to care for dry skin

  • Change your showering behavior

Avoid using hot water rather use warm water. Also, you should avoid overstaying in the shower. 5-10 minutes are enough to avoid further dryness. You should go for a gentle cleanser to remove excess dirt and oil. Do not forget to apply moisturizer after drying the skin.

  • Use cream

You should replace lotion with cream. They are less irritating and are more compatible with dry skin. Some of the ingredients you need to look out for include jojoba oil, lanolin, mineral oil, shea butter, glycerin, and more.

  • Apply gentle and fragrance-free beauty products

More soaps such as shower cream are harsh to the skin and you’d not want this if you have dry skin. Instead, use gentle unscented soaps.

  • Stay in warm areas

Ensure that you are always warm. That said, avoid places such as the fireplace since sitting in front of a heat source can worsen your skin condition.

  1. Oily skin

The third skin type of the oily type. It is caused by the overproduction of sebum, a condition known as seborrhea. Some causes of such skin are medication, genetics, hormonal imbalance, and stress. Recently, make-ups have been shown to accelerate it.

How can you identify oily skin? Let’ have a look.

  • Glossy
  • Visible pores
  • Thick and pale skin
  • Blood vessels are hidden

Oily skin is also susceptible to conditions such as acne with most people getting comedones. Comedones is a condition that causes pimples to form on the back, chest, neck, and shoulders.

How to care for oily skin

  • Exfoliate your skin

Skin exfoliation prevents your skin pores from clogging and removal of excess oil. You should use oil-free scrubs that are intended for oily skins, also, exfoliate your skin gently to avoid skin irritation.

  • Apply facial mask

Facial mask with clay can significantly soak excess oil from your skin. Also, you should opt for facial mask that have ingredients such as shea or honey to prevent it from drying.

  • Use a moisturizer and cleanser often

You should opt for a cleanser with tea tree oil or salicylic acid that dissolves excess skin oil. To improve the results, apply a toner to improve the look and feel of your skin. Afterwards, you can apply an oil-free moisturizer.

  • Apply an astringent

Astringent improve the tightness of the pores and remove excess sebum. However, since it contains alcohol it is recommended you use it sparingly to avoid irritating the skin.

  1. Combination skin

The last type of skin type is combination skin. The T-zone of a person with this skin type has different skin types on their cheeks. The chin, forehead, and nose are oily while the cheeks are dry. So what causes combination skin? Well, sebum causes the T-zone to be oily while lack of sebum on the cheeks causes dryness.

How to care for combination skin

  • Stick to one skin care routine

One way to maintain a healthy combination skin is to stick to one skin care routine. That is, using the same products. You should use the cleanser twice a day, exfoliate once in a while, and use a moisturizer twice.

  • Treat different parts differently

As you can see, with a combination skin, you are basically treating two skin types. That means you’ll moisturize some areas while absorbing excess sebum from others. You should also use the same products.

  • Use an oil-based cleanser

Opt for cleansers that contain natural oils such as olive oil. Such oils are compatible with both skin types. However, use them on dry areas rather than oil parts.

Final verdict

As you can see, regardless of the skin type, you can achieve a healthy and vibrant skin. All you need to do is stick to a skin care routine that works for you. What routine do you follow? Let us know in the comment section.

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